Meteorologist Malika Dudley Explains “Trade Wind Weather”

April 23, 2016, 9:00 AM HST · Updated June 25, 12:34 PM
Meteorologist Malika Dudley · 0 Comments

Aloha, I’m meteorologist Malika Dudley and today we are flying in a Blue Hawaiian Helicopter to get a great vantage point of Maui. Today, we are talking about our prevailing winds and the weather it produces.

When the wind encounters land it interacts with it. Here in Hawaii, a majority of the time winds blow out of the northeast or east. The weather pattern that results is what people refer to as “trade wind weather”.

The winds are moving in from over the ocean and our mountains are huge barriers for this air. As the air passes over the barriers it is orographically lifted.


In simple terms, the air rises and cools so clouds form along the slopes. These clouds bring moisture or rain to the windward side of our mountains.

Here on Maui, rainfall is strongly affected by two volcanic peaks: Haleakala and Pu’u Kukui (the summit of West Maui Mountains).

Pu’u Kukui is cone-shaped so orographic lifting occurs from all sides. The deep valleys help to funnel air toward the summit so Pu’u Kukui actually gets more rain than any other spot on Maui.


The peak of Haleakala is different because it’s above the inversion layer. That is where the air is so dry that any clouds that are able to get through the layer evaporate quickly. This prevents moist air from getting to the summit keeping conditions really dry up there. When you fly with Blue Hawaiian Helicopters, you can clearly see where the inversion layer is. Above that point, there are no clouds.

The leeward sides of Haleakala and the West Maui Mountains tend to also be dry. After orographic lifting essentially squeezes the moisture out of the clouds on the windward side when the air subsides or sinks down on the leeward side what’s left is warm and dry air. The leeward side is in the rain shadow creating a dry zone.

Blue Hawaiian Helicopter Video Series also features…

A Look From Above Puʻu Māhoe Cinder Cone

Exploring Puʻu ʻio

Meteorologist Malika Dudley explains Why Kahului is the Windiest Airport in the State

Maui’s Majestic Waterfalls: East Maui’s Hidden Gems

Hazardous Beauty: Rugged Terrain Keeps Secluded Beaches Pristine

Hovering Above Maui: Hidden Hikes, Extreme Landscapes

Meteorologist Malika Dudley
Malika was born and raised in Hilo. She began her career in news at KGMB9 in 2007. As a part of the Hawaii News Now weather team, Malika was nominated for two Emmy Awards for excellence in weather reporting and won the prestigious Edward R. Murrow Journalism Award for her reporting on Hawaii’s tsunami damage in 2011. In 2019, Malika was recognized by the Society of Professional Journalists Hawaii Chapter in the category of Science Reporting for her Big Island Now news report on what was happening beneath the sea surface at the ocean entry of the Puna lava flow.  

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