Maui News

Hawaiʻi Ranks 50th in Low-Income Children Participating in National School Breakfast Program

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Only 40 percent of low-income students in Hawaiʻi — 50th lowest in the nation — participated in the national School Breakfast Program during 2019-20 school year. Photo Courtesy: Food Research & Action Center

Hawaiʻi ranks 50th in the nation for participation of low-income children in the national School Breakfast Program, according to the national School Breakfast Scorecard released Feb. 9 by the Food Research & Action Center.

In Hawaiʻi, 25,559 low-income children in Hawai‘i participated in the national School Breakfast Program on an average school day during the 2019–2020 school year. That’s about 40 percent of those who receive free or reduced price lunch. This compares to a national rate of 58.4 percent.

The latest School Breakfast Scorecard only includes data from October 2019 through February 2020, in order to account for the absence of traditional school meal service due the Covid-19 pandemic that started closing down schools in March 2020.


Since then, the Hawai‘i Department of Education (DOE) has transitioned to a “grab-and-go” model of meal service, which has expanded to offer free breakfast and lunch at more than 200 schools statewide. Since the transition to free grab-and-go, which allows parents to pick up breakfast and lunch at the same time, breakfast participation has nearly reached pre-pandemic levels.

However, the lunch participation rate is still at only about a third of what it was before the beginning of the pandemic. Overall, meal participation is down considerably.

“We are very pleased with how the DOE has stepped up to provide free meals to so many students during campus closures,” said Daniela Spoto, Director of Anti-Hunger Initiatives at Hawai‘i Appleseed. “The new report finds that Hawai‘i still has some work to do once students return to in-person learning, but we’re hopeful that the innovations that have been made with the transition to grab-and-go will be an advantage going forward.”


The School Breakfast Scorecard also describes best practices to boost school breakfast participation. The first is utilizing the Community Eligibility Program (CEP), which allows high-poverty schools to offer school meals free of charge to all students.

The Hawai‘i DOE has been proactive and effective in recent years at expanding the number of CEP schools across the state. Schools can be eligible if enough of the student population are enrolled in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP).

In addition, the scorecard recommends that states be proactive in distributing a new benefit, known as Pandemic-EBT (P-EBT), to families with children who relied on free or reduced price meals prior to
school closures. Hawai‘i distributed two rounds of Pandemic-EBT over the summer, and is currently working on getting additional payments to families upon approval by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.


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