DLNR Uses Sea Urchins to Curb Invasive Seaweed
Building on the success of collector urchin out-plantings in Kāne‘ohe Bay, the DLNR Division of Aquatic Resources (DAR) is now out-planting hatchery-raised native sea urchins in the Waikīkī Marine Life Conservation District (MLCD).
This week the DAR Aquatic Invasive Species (AIS) team introduced the first of 100,000 native sea urchins (Tripneustes gratilla), to help control over 4 acres of invasive algae.
According to the DLNR, sea urchins are vital to aquatic life in Hawai‘i as consumers of invasive algae (seaweed). Invasive seaweed alters coral reef ecosystems by overgrowing and starving corals of light and can eventually kill the coral colony. When urchins eat invasive seaweed it allows the coral to regrow and opens up spaces for fish, native seaweed (limu) and invertebrates to utilize these areas that were previously overgrown by algae.
This method of sea urchin biocontrol of invasive seaweed has been used in Kāne‘ohe Bay for over 9-years where we’ve seen great success in controlling several species of invasive seaweed. Invasive seaweed used to dominate corals in Kāne‘ohe Bay, but are now reduced to manageable levels, which has greatly reduced the impact to corals in the Bay.
“We hope to see the same level of success in Waikīkī, to improve coral habitat and expand healthy reef coverage in the most visible MLCD in the state,” DAR Habitat Monitoring Coordinator Wesley Dukes said in a press release.
Wild urchins are collected from local reefs, spawned and then raised for out-planting at the Ānuenue Fisheries Research Center urchin hatchery. This is where urchins will be raised for the 3-year project in the Waikīkī MLCD. The Ānuenue Fisheries Research Center has produced over 500,000 sea urchins to date.
“We pick the urchins out of barrels with the hatchery crew and then load 200 to 400 urchins on individual trays. From there, to a truck, to the beach, to boogie boards & floats and to their new homes and jobs grazing away patches of invasive seaweed,” Dukes explained.
During the first out-planting this week, the team out-planted 7,000 collector urchins. It takes four to six months at the hatchery for urchins to get big enough to go into the ocean.
“The Waikīkī MLCD is our first expansion of the very successful project in Kāne‘ohe Bay, where more than 500,000 urchins have been devouring invasive algae for the past 9-years. It is a proven, natural way to combat invasive species and we hope to enhance collector urchin populations at other locations statewide in the near future,” DAR Administrator Brian Neilson said.