Circuit Court Decision Upholds Lawfulness of Gov. Ige’s Emergency Proclamations

October 17, 2020, 7:28 AM HST · Updated October 17, 7:28 AM
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Circuit Court Judge Wendy M. DeWeese has dismissed a legal challenge to the Governor’s COVID-19 emergency proclamations.

In Partal et al. v. Ige et al., the plaintiffs argued that the Governor’s emergency powers under Hawaiʻi law were time-limited.  In particular, the plaintiffs argued that emergency proclamations issued by the Governor could not be renewed or reissued after an initial 60-day period had elapsed—even if an emergency situation, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, continued beyond that time period.

In dismissing the plaintiffs’ complaint, the court reaffirmed that the Governor may lawfully issue successive proclamations to respond to the evolving emergency situation.

In a written order entered on Oct. 15, the court explained that the purpose of Hawaiʻi’s emergency-powers statute “is to confer comprehensive powers to protect the public and save lives.” The court further explained—based on the text and purpose of the statute—that Hawaiʻi law does not bar the Governor from issuing supplementary emergency proclamations when necessary.

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Attorney General Clare E. Connors issued the following statement: “This decision sends an important message at an important time—the Governor’s emergency proclamations are lawful. By continuing to follow these rules, all residents and visitors protect each other and promote public health during this pandemic crisis.”

Governor David Ige signed a Fourteenth Supplementary Emergency Proclamation related to the state’s COVID-19 emergency on Oct. 13.  The new document extends the mandatory 14-day quarantine for all incoming travelers; however, beginning Oct. 15, a pre-travel testing option was launched, allowing travelers an alternative to the mandatory 14-day quarantine.

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