Maui Business

A&B/HC&S to Transition Out of Sugar Production

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HC&S Puʻunēnē Mill. Photo by Wendy Osher.

HC&S Puʻunēnē Mill. Photo by Wendy Osher.

Alexander & Baldwin Inc. today announced that it is transitioning out of farming sugar and will instead pursue a diversified agricultural model for its 36,000-acre Hawaiian Commercial & Sugar Company plantation on Maui.

Sugar operations will be phased out by the end of 2016, and the transition to a new model will occur over a multi-year period.

No immediate layoffs will result from today’s announcement. Beginning in March, employees will be laid off as their functions are completed. Approximately half of the 675 employees will be retained through the end of the sugar harvest, which is expected to be completed late in the year.

Under the new, diversified model, the plantation will be divided up into smaller farms with varied agricultural uses, potentially including energy crops, food crops, support for the local cattle industry and the development of an agriculture park (see details below).

Stan Kuriyama. A&B/HC&S photo.

Stan Kuriyama. A&B/HC&S photo.

“A&B’s roots literally began with the planting of sugar cane on 570 acres in Makawao, Maui, 145 years ago,” said Stanley M. Kuriyama, A&B executive chairman. “Much of the state’s population would not be in Hawai‘i today, myself included, if our grandparents or great-grandparents had not had the opportunity to work on the sugar plantations. A&B has demonstrated incredible support for HC&S over these many years, keeping our operation running for 16 years after the last sugar company on Maui closed its doors. We have made every effort to avoid having to take this action. However, the roughly $30 million agribusiness operating loss we expect to incur in 2015, and the forecast for continued significant losses, clearly are not sustainable, and we must now move forward with a new concept for our lands that allows us to keep them in productive agricultural use.”

Chris Benjamin. A&B/HC&S photo.

Chris Benjamin. A&B/HC&S photo.


“This is a sad day for A&B, and it is with great regret that we have reached this decision,” said Christopher J. Benjamin, A&B president and CEO, who ran HC&S as its general manager from 2009 to 2011. “Having had the privilege of working alongside the employees of HC&S for two years, I know firsthand the professionalism and dedication with which they perform their jobs. The longevity of the plantation is a testament to their resourcefulness and hard work. This transition will certainly impact these employees and we will do everything we can to assist them. The cessation of sugar operations also will have a significant impact on the Maui community and we will do our best to minimize that impact. A&B remains committed to Maui and will continue to be a significant corporate supporter of Maui charities and organizations.”

A&B will provide transition coordinators to assist HC&S employees in finding alternate employment opportunities. The coordinators will identify and coordinate available federal, state, county and private job assistance programs (including employment counseling, job training, financial counseling, job placement and education services).

A&B will offer all employees enhanced severance and benefit packages. Retirement benefits accrued by eligible employees, retirees and past employees will not be affected by the transition out of sugar.

Additionally, the A&B will consider displaced employees for positions in its new operations as they become available.

“We are very focused on helping our employees during this time,” Benjamin said. “Many of our employees have dedicated their careers to HC&S and have followed in the footsteps of previous generations of family members that worked on the plantation. We are grateful for their years of service and we will support them through this transition period.”


“A&B is committed to looking for optimal productive agricultural uses for the HC&S lands,” said Benjamin. “Community engagement, resource stewardship, food sustainability and renewable energy are all being considered as we define the new business model for the plantation. These are leading us toward a more diversified mix of operations.”

A&B is evaluating several categories of potential replacement agricultural activities. These include energy crops, agroforestry, grass-finished livestock operations, diversified food crops and orchard crops, among others.

HC&S has several test projects underway to further assess these opportunities, and A&B plans to expand the scope and scale of the trials during the coming year.

Initial projects include:

Energy crops: Building upon its extensive experience with crop-to-energy production, HC&S has initiated crop trials to evaluate potential sources of feedstock for anaerobic conversion to biogas. This on-farm testing currently is being expanded from plot to field-scale and HC&S has entered into a confidential memorandum of understanding with local and national partners to explore market opportunities for biogas. HC&S also is assessing the potential of cultivating purpose-grown oilseed crops for biodiesel production and has entered into preliminary, but confidential, discussions with other bioenergy industry players to explore additional crop-to-energy opportunities.


Support for the local cattle industry: A&B is exploring the costs and benefits of irrigated pasture to support the production of grass-finished beef for the local market. HC&S has converted a test site of former sugar land to cultivated pasture and is working with Maui Cattle Company to conduct a grass-finishing pasture trial in 2016. High-quality grazing lands could enable Maui’s cattle ranchers to expand their herds and keep more cattle in Hawaii for finishing on grass.

Food crops/agriculture park: A&B plans to establish an agriculture park on former sugar lands in order to provide opportunities for farmers to access these agricultural lands and support the cultivation of food crops on Maui. HC&S employees will be given preference to lease lots from the company to start their own farming operations.

“Transitioning HC&S to a diversified agribusiness model underscores A&B’s commitment to the community and our intention to keep these lands in active agricultural use,” said Benjamin. “It will take time but, if successful, these efforts could support the goals of food and energy self-sufficiency for Hawai‘i, preserve productive agricultural lands, and establish new economic engines for Maui and the state.”

HC&S is the state’s largest farm, with 36,000 acres under cultivation. It also generates enough electricity, primarily from renewable sources, to be 100% energy self-sufficient. For more information, visit

A&B is a Hawai‘i-based public company with interests in real estate development, commercial real estate, agriculture, materials and infrastructure construction. With ownership of over 88,000 acres in Hawai‘i, A&B is the state’s fourth largest private landowner, and one of the state’s most active real estate investors. A&B manages a portfolio comprising five million square feet of leasable space in Hawai‘i and on the US Mainland and is the second largest owner of retail assets in the state. A&B also is Hawai‘i’s largest materials company and paving contractor. Additional information about A&B may be found at

Sen. Hirono: ‘Today’s Announcement Marks the End of an Era…’
Sen. Schatz: ‘Sugar Production on Maui was More Than a Business’
Rep. Ing: ‘The Writing Was On the Wall’ ‘Only a Court Order Can Fully Protect the Public’s Right to Clean Air’
Terez Amato: ‘Today Represents a New Start for Agriculture Here’
Gov. Ige: ‘A&B Has Played a Significant Role in the State’s Economy’
Maui Mayor: ‘We Knew That This Day Was Inevitable’
Maui Tomorrow Foundation: ‘It Was Clear That There Would Be a Change Soon’
SHAKA Movement: ‘Time for New, Dynamic and Authentic Agriculture’
Speaker Souki: ‘It is a Sad Day Indeed’
Rep. Woodson: ‘Our Focus Will Now Be On Helping These Employees’
Lt. Gov. Tsutsui: ‘Hawai‘i is Turning a Page in Its History’
Go Maui: ‘It is Vital That Agriculture Be Kept a Part of Maui’


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