Maui News

Visitation to Hawai‘i Volcanoes Creates $166 Million in Economic Benefits

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Visitors eager to see the lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u Crater​ at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano gather along the overlook at Jaggar Museum in Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. NPS Photo/Janice Wei

A new National Park Service report shows that more than 2,016,702 visitors to Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park in 2017 spent $166 million in communities near the park.

That spending supported 2,020 jobs in the local area, and had a cumulative benefit to the local economy of more than $222 million.

Park Superintendent Cindy Orlando said it’s interesting to compare the eruptive patterns of Hawai‘i’s volcanoes, and align that to increased visitation.  She said, “there’s definitely a parallel.”


Kīlauea continues to erupt from two locations, in the remote East Rift Zone flank, and from a vent within the summit crater, Halema‘uma‘u. This week, which happens to be National Park Week, lava rose to the edge of the vent rim, and spilled out onto the crater floor several times, drawing thousands of visitors each day.  Since the summit eruption began in 2008, visitation to the park has increased by 58 percent.

The peer-reviewed visitor spending analysis was conducted by economists Catherine Cullinane Thomas of the US Geological Survey and Lynne Koontz of the National Park Service. The report shows $18.2 billion of direct spending by more than 330 million park visitors in communities within 60 miles of a national park. This spending supported 306,000 jobs nationally; 255,900 of those jobs are found in these gateway communities. The cumulative benefit to the U.S. economy was $35.8 billion.

The lodging sector received the highest direct contributions with $5.5 billion in economic output to local gateway economies and 49,000 jobs. The restaurants sector received the next greatest direct contributions with $3.7 billion in economic output to local gateway economies and 60,500 jobs.

According to the 2017 report, most park visitor spending was for lodging/camping (32.9 percent) followed by food and beverages (27.5%), gas and oil (12.1%), souvenirs and other expenses (10.1 %), admissions and fees (10%), and local transportation (7.5%).

Report authors also produce an interactive tool that enables users to explore visitor spending, jobs, labor income, value added, and output effects by sector for national, state, and local economies. Users can also view year-by-year trend data. The interactive tool and report are available at the NPS Social Science Program webpage.


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