$29 Billion Federal Restaurant Grant Program Announced
A new $29 billion federal grant program for local restaurants, bars and food trucks has been established as part of the new COVID-19 relief law. Established under the America Rescue Plan Act, the program offers grants to help cover revenue losses as a result of the pandemic.
The new Restaurant Revitalization Fund is administered by the Small Business Administration and offers grants to cover the difference between 2019 revenue and revenues made in 2020. US Senator Brian Schatz (D-Hawai‘i) who made the announcement said more details about how the program will be implemented — including when and how businesses can apply — are expected soon.
“This new grant program will help Hawai‘i restaurants keep the lights on and keep employees on the payroll until we can return to normal life,” said Senator Schatz, a member of the Senate Appropriations Committee. “If you own a local restaurant, I encourage you to visit our website to learn more about how this grant could help you stay afloat during this tough time.”
Eligible businesses include restaurants; food stands, trucks, or carts; caterers; bars or lounges; saloons, inns, or taverns; and brewpubs, tasting rooms, or taprooms. Publicly-traded corporations and companies with more than 20 locations will not be eligible for this funding. The grants can be used for payroll, rent, mortgage, utilities, maintenance expenses, supplier costs, and other operational expenses.
The $1.9 trillion American Rescue Plan Act is the second largest rescue package in American history and was signed into law on March 11.
A full resource guide, including more details on eligibility and use of funds, can be found below.
SBA RESTAURANT GRANT PROGRAM
The American Rescue Plan provides $29 billion nationwide for a new Small Business Administration (SBA) grant program specifically for restaurants and other food and drinking establishments impacted by the pandemic.
Eligible Grant Recipients
- Food stands, trucks, or carts;
- Bars or lounges;
- Saloons, inns, or taverns;
- Brewpubs, tasting rooms, taprooms, or other licensed facilities or premises of a beverage alcohol producer where the public may taste, sample, or purchase products; and
- Similar businesses where patrons assemble for the primary purpose of being served food or drink.
This includes entities located in airport terminals and Tribally-owned concerns.
The following entities are not eligible:
- State or local government-operated businesses;
- Entities that own or operate (together with any affiliated business) more than 20 locations as of March 13, 2020, regardless of whether those locations do business under the same or multiple names;
- Publicly-traded companies; or
- Entities that have received a Shuttered Venue Operators (SVO) grant, or have a pending application for an SVO grant.
- The grant is equal to the business’s pandemic-related revenue loss: 2019 gross receipts minus 2020 gross receipts. Note: businesses are required to reduce their pandemic-related revenue loss by any amounts received under the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP).
- If the eligible entity was not in operation for the entirety of 2019, the difference between:
- The product obtained by multiplying average monthly gross receipts in 2019 by 12; and
- The product obtained by multiplying average monthly gross receipts in 2020 by 12; or
- An amount based on a formula determined by the SBA at a later date.
- If the eligible entity opened after January 1, 2020, the grant amount will be based on costs incurred minus gross receipts received, with a specific formula to be determined by the SBA.
- The maximum grant size is $10 million per entity, limited to $5 million per physical location.
Distribution of Grants
- $5 billion of the $28.6 billion total is earmarked for the smallest businesses. Defined as those with 2019 gross receipts of $500,000 or less.
- The remaining $23.6 billion is available for SBA to award grants in the order in which applications are received, but in an equitable manner based on applicants’ annual gross receipts.
- During the program’s first 21 days of operation, SBA will give priority to applications from businesses owned and operated by women, veterans, and socially and economically disadvantaged individuals (as defined in 15 U.S.C. 637(a)(4)(A)).
Use of Funds
Grant funding can be used for a wide variety of expenses, including:
- Payroll costs;
- Payment of principal or interest on any mortgage obligation (not including prepayment of principal);
- Rent, including rent under a lease agreement (but not including prepayment of rent);
- Maintenance expenses, including construction to accommodate outdoor seating and walls, floors, deck surfaces, furniture, fixtures, and equipment;
- Supplies, including protective equipment and cleaning materials;
- Food and beverage expenses within the scope of normal business practice;
- Covered supplier costs;
- Operational expenses;
- Paid sick leave; and
- Any other expenses the SBA determines to be essential to maintaining the eligible entity.
Applicants must certify that the uncertainty of current economic conditions makes the grant request necessary to support ongoing operations, and that they have not applied for an SVO grant.
- The ARP exempts SBA restaurant grants from gross income for tax purposes, and provides that such exclusion will not result in a denial of deduction, reduction of tax attributes, or denial of increase in basis.
- For partnerships and S corporations, the grant amount is treated as tax-exempt income for purposes of sections 705 and 1366 of the Internal Revenue Code, and the bill directs the Secretary of Treasury to prescribe rules for determining a partner’s distributive share of amounts received through the restaurant grant.